|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 120-122
Flipped journal club: A way forward in postgraduate medical education
Manish Taywade1, Debkumar Pal1, Ranjana Kalra2, Kumbha Gopi1, Shampa Maji3
1 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Independent Researcher, Ex-Project Coordinator, Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
|Date of Submission||31-Mar-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||16-Aug-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||28-Sep-2022|
Dr. Debkumar Pal
Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
After its origin during the 18th century, the journal club has come a long way as an effective method of pedagogy in postgraduate medical education. As the traditional format of the journal club is becoming less attractive for residents, the newer concept of blended learning and flipped classrooms is now being incorporated slowly into the traditional format of the journal club. This newer format of journal club is called flipped journal club, where all materials regarding the article are shared among residents and faculty well before the day of presentation. On the presentation day, there is a small group discussion regarding the summary, critical appraisal, and its implication on the concerned subject.
The following core competencies are addressed in this article: Practice-based learning and improvement, Systems-based practice, Medical knowledge, Professionalism.
Keywords: Academic resident, flipped journal club, journal club, medical education
|How to cite this article:|
Taywade M, Pal D, Kalra R, Gopi K, Maji S. Flipped journal club: A way forward in postgraduate medical education. Int J Acad Med 2022;8:120-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Taywade M, Pal D, Kalra R, Gopi K, Maji S. Flipped journal club: A way forward in postgraduate medical education. Int J Acad Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 7];8:120-2. Available from: https://www.ijam-web.org/text.asp?2022/8/3/120/357233
| Introduction|| |
In most medical schools, the journal club is now an integral part of the curriculum for postgraduate students. It is compulsory for medical postgraduates to participate in the journal clubs regularly for the improvement of their skills in evidence-based medicine (EBM). Currently, EBM, which evolved in the 1990s, is the foundation of clinical practice and a journal club is a primary method of teaching students about EBM.,
The journal club has the following benefits:
- Instruction in critical thinking about research articles regarding research design, biostatistics, and quality of evidence
- Instruction in EBM
- Encourages lifelong learning
- Development of leadership, presentation, and mentorship skills
- Discussion of new pieces of evidence
- Provokes original research.
| Traditional Journal Club|| |
In the traditional journal club, one person will present the findings and critical appraisal of a recently published journal article in the presence of other professionals. The article is usually selected based on the impact factor of the journal, the possibility of impact on the attendee's practice, and the affiliation of the author. The article should be recent preferably published within 6 months and up to within the last year. The presenter (usually a postgraduate student) would ideally make the presentation in three parts: a brief summary of the article, a critical appraisal, and its implication in EBM. There would be one leader or moderator who would facilitate the discussion. [Figure 1] depicts how a traditional journal club works.
| Flipped Classroom|| |
With the increasing trend of the blended classroom in the western world, flipped classrooms are now becoming popular. In a flipped classroom, the instructional approach is to deliver the contents of the lecture beforehand in an online mode, textbook chapter, or handout, followed by a discussion regarding only the salient, challenging, and relevant points in the class.,, In a traditional classroom, after listening to the class, students complete the homework; in flipped classrooms, students participate in active learning activities such as exercises, projects problem-based learning, and conversations after reading assigned work or watching prerecorded lectures before the class (i.e., the homework is done before the class).,,
Formally originated in 1998, the “flipped” approach was found to increase understanding among students, improve attendance in class, create effective time management of the class, and focus on clinical-oriented integrated teaching and overall improvement in scoring in examinations., Simultaneously, there will be a practical application of the topic during the class, so there will be more time for the clinical implication of the topics. The new curriculum prescribed by the Indian National Medical Commission is also based on this integrated approach.
| Flipped Journal Club|| |
The interest in traditional journal clubs is waning in many places. Flipped journal club may provide an alternative. In flipped journal club, the article and the PowerPoint or handout prepared by the presenter and the presenter's faculty mentor are shared with the group at least 1 week before the discussion. During the journal club itself, only points of confusion are addressed, followed by discussion in small groups of 7–8 participants. This new concept of pedagogy was found to effectively increase not only the interest among residents but also their interaction in journal clubs. This is a framework for organizing an effective flipped journal club [Figure 2].
| Flipped Journal Club Versus Traditional Journal Club|| |
The traditional journal club has an advantage over flipped journal club regarding adequate time for preparation. However, the traditional journal club has a disadvantage of an ill-prepared and disengaged audience. Although flipped journal club helps in more interactive learning, the preparation for it takes more time in comparison with traditional journal club.
| Conclusion|| |
With a history of more than 150 years, the journal club is now a common method of pedagogy in medical education at the postgraduate level. Reformatting journal clubs to a flipped model may lead to increasing the education, interest, and impact of journal clubs in postgraduate learning.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
Research quality and ethics statement
The authors declare that this manuscript does not require institutional review board/ethics review or approval.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]