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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203-208

Prevalence of self-medication of antibiotics among 2nd-year medical students and their knowledge about antibiotic resistance

1 Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Anatomy, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Uma Advani
Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJAM.IJAM_13_20

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Aims and Objectives: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of self-medication practices of antibiotics among medical students and to evaluate the knowledge of medical students about antibiotic resistance at SMS Medical College, Jaipur, India. Methodology: In this descriptive type of cross-sectional study, a 31-item prevalidated questionnaire was prepared, which comprised both open-ended and closed-ended questions. The response was obtained, and the students were sensitized about the rational use of antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistance and about advantages and disadvantages of self-medication. Results: The response rate in our study was 83.3%. The mean age of respondents was 20.09 ± 1.34 (mean ± standard deviation). While 63.2% of participants were found to be self-medicators, the most common source of knowledge about self-administration of antibiotic was information from parents as reported by 40.6% of respondents. The majority of students (35.8%) consumed amoxicillin. Gender-based significance of the difference of knowledge regarding self-medication was found nonsignificant as the value of P > 0.05. The majority of students (91.4%) knew about antibiotic resistance. There was no gender-based significant knowledge regarding antibiotic resistance. Overall knowledge of students was satisfactory. A postsession lecture on antibiotic resistance and its association with self-medication was arranged to reinforce the knowledge of students. Conclusion: The awareness about the increasing incidence of antibiotic resistance is one of the needs of the moment. The following Graduate Medical Education core competencies were addressed: Medical knowledge, Practice-based learning and improvement, Interpersonal and communication skills.

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