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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 169-172

Extrapulmonary infections associated with nontubercular mycobacteria in immunocompetent patients: A study of two cases

1 Department of Microbiology, St. Stephen's Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Opthalmology, St. Stephen's Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yukti Sharma
272 SFS DDA Flats, Mukherjee Nagar, New Delhi - 110 009
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJAM.IJAM_56_17

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Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) or atypical mycobacteria are abundantly found in the environment. Extrapulmonary infections are most commonly caused by Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium avium, and Mycobacterium kansasii. Risk factors for infection include both accidental/surgical trauma, all procedures involving implants, retained biomaterial. The isolation rate of NTM from India has been reported ranging from 0.5% to 8.6%. We report two culture-proven cases of infection caused by NTM. The present cases emphasize the importance of considering NTM in the differential diagnosis of nonhealing ulcers whether corneal or skin and soft tissue infections. The following core competencies are addressed in this article: Medical knowledge, Patient care.

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