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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-21

Retained surgical items: Building on cumulative experience

1 Temple University School of Medicine – St. Luke's University Hospital Campus, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA
2 Department of Surgery, St. Luke's University Health Network, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA
3 Department of Neurosurgery, St. Luke's University Health Network, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA
4 Department of Anesthesiology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA

Correspondence Address:
Stanislaw P Stawicki
Department of Research and Innovation, St. Luke's University Health Network, EW-2 Research Administration, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2455-5568.183316

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Retained surgical items (RSIs) are much dreaded, preventable complications associated with surgical and other invasive procedures. Despite much effort going into eliminating these “never events” and the associated heavy burden for patients, providers, and institutions, RSIs continue to occur. This manuscript reviews fundamental concepts related to RSI, including risk factors, prevention strategies, technology-assisted detection, team strategies, and pertinent safety education. In addition, we performed a secondary review of a database of all published case reports and series of RSI between 1909 and 2015, focusing on clinical presentation, symptomatology, morbidity, diagnostic workup, pathology findings, and temporal characteristics. Despite a vast body of knowledge regarding RSIs, more needs to be done to help further reduce and prevent these occurrences. The following core competencies are addressed in this article: Patient care, Medical knowledge, Practice based learning and improvement, Systems based practice, Professionalism, and Interpersonal skills and communication

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